When you think of German dogs, there’s one clear dog breed that comes to mind: the German Shepherd. It’s not all that surprising considering this European breed ranks second in terms of popularity in America.
But, believe it or not – there are other German dog breeds. In fact, there are many, many more. Most of which, you’ve probably never even heard of. In addition, some of them have become household names all around the world.
With nearly 50 different dog breeds, Germany is ranked third in producing the highest number of dog breeds. They’re only behind France and Great Britain – where both have 57 registered breeds each according to the FCI.
With that said, Germany has quickly become one of the largest markets for dog exports. It’s no surprise owners from all over have simply fallen in love with these wonderful German breeds, and the numbers have shown it.
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Table of Contents
- List of Recognized German Dogs
- 1. Affenpinscher
- 2. Dachshund
- 3. German Spitz
- 4. German Shorthaired Pointer
- 5. Great Dane
- 6. Doberman Pinscher
- 7. Giant Schnauzer
- 8. Standard Schnauzer
- 9. Miniature Schnauzer
- 10. Löwchen
- 11. Rottweiler
- 12. German Shepherd
- 13. Pomeranian
- 14. Poodle
- 15. Boxer
- 16. American Eskimo Dog
- 17. German Wirehaired Pointer
- 18. Bavarian Mountain Hound
- 19. Eurasier
- 20. Elo Dog
- 21. Pudelpointer
- 22. German Longhaired Pointer
- 23. German Pinscher
- 24. German Spaniel
- 25. Hanoverian Scenthound
- 26. Hovawart
- 27. Jagdterrier
- 28. Kromfohrländer
- 29. Small Münsterländer Pointer
- 30. Leonberger
- 31. Weimaramer
- Other Dog Breeds of Germany
List of Recognized German Dogs
German dogs have consistently made the top 10 list for most intelligent breeds, most expensive dogs, dangerous dogs and most widely-used police and military dogs. They’re truly unique and versatile dogs
There are many more dogs of Germany that aren’t on this list. But because we’re based in the United States, here are the 31 dog breeds that are recognized by the AKC.
Highlights: Confident, Brave, Humorous
The Affenpinschers are also famously known as the monkey terriers due to their eerily physical similarities and expressions of a monkey. These German toy dogs are full of curiosity, often said to be a little adventurous by nature.
Despite their small stature, the Affenpinscher is a bold and confident little dog. They’ll have bright personalities with a lot of affection towards their family members. Plus, they tend to bring a positive vibe that meshes well with older kids.
- The name Affenpinscher in German directly translates to “monkey-like dog.”
- The French call these dogs “diablotin moustachu,” which directly translates to mustached little devil.
- Affenpinschers were frequently seen in old artwork dating back to the 1500’s.
Highlights: Kind, Curious, Courageous
There are few sights as funny and cute as the Dachshund. The world-famous wiener dog was bred in Germany, but have become a massive hit around the world. In fact, they’re the 9th most popular dog breed in the USA.
Don’t judge them so quick based off their short, stubby legs and elongated bodies. Doxies are deceivingly fast and known to be skilled hunters of small prey (especially with as rabbits and badgers). But in the home, they’re loving lap dogs.
- These dogs are famously known for their nickname, the wiener dog. However, the original name of the hotdog was the dachshund sausage.
- The first official mascot of an Olympic game (in Munich 1972) was a Dachshund named Waldi.
- In 2014, the first British dog to be successfully cloned was a Dachshund named Winnie.
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3. German Spitz
Highlights: Loyal, Energetic, Alert
The German Spitz is the lesser known cousin of the Pomeranian. Still, they have the cheerful personality and physical characteristics of the Pom. It’s difficult to tell them apart, other than the fact that the German Spitz is slightly bigger.
But if you’re looking for a medium German dog with a lively attitude and the upmost devotion, these dogs are worth a look. And if they pique your interest, I’d recommend taking a long hard look at the Pomeranian as well (see below).
- The German Spitz exhibit many physical characteristics found in the most ancient European fossil dogs from the stone-age.
- German Spitzes were brought to the United States and renamed to the American Eskimo dog because of anti-German sentiment.
- There are 5 variations of the German Spitz, each variety in a different size.
4. German Shorthaired Pointer
Highlights: Friendly, Smart, Eager to please
This German dog breed is one of the most versatile dog to hail from Deutschland. The German Shorthaired Pointer is often featured in K-9 units, but are also acclaimed sporting dogs. They hunt all types of game (especially birds) and can even retrieve on land or water.
Combine all this with their affectionate personality and you have the ultimate German dog for owners with active lifestyles. Just make sure you give these dogs the physical activity they need to live a healthy and happy life.
- German Shorthaired Pointers love to dig holes.
- Hunters have given the GSP the nickname, the Jack-of-all-trades dog.
- The United States Air Force has a Shorthaired Pointer named Haus. His primary job is to locate bombs and explosives.
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5. Great Dane
Highlights: Reliable, Calm, Friendly
The Great Dane is nothing short of “great.” They are massive mastiff-type dogs with a surprisingly calm and friendly demeanor, often referred to as gentle giants. On the other hand, they tower over just about any other dog breed.
A Great Dane can weigh as much as 200 pounds and stand upwards of 40 inches tall. In fact, the Guinness World Record holder for tallest dog is a Great Dane named Zeus (fitting, no?). He was 44 inches tall. Amazing!
- Once a fearful hunter, the modern Great Dane had been bred to be great show dogs instead. This was due to the dying popularity of hunting.
- Great Danes were once believed to help repel evil spirits and ghosts. It’s no wonder Scooby-Doo was a Great Dane!
- In 1941, a Great Dane once diffused a bomb by urinating on it. This Great Dane was awarded two Blue Cross Medals.
6. Doberman Pinscher
Highlights: Devoted, Fearless, Vigilant
The Dobermann is the grand daddy of all Pinscher dogs, and possibly all German breeds. They possess both the brawn and the brains. A quick glance at this muscular 100-pound beast and you’ll know exactly why they’re such respected police and military dogs.
On top of that, they’re considered to be the fifth smartest dog breed. Not surprisingly, they’ve become premier guard dogs. Plus, they’re great with older kids. The tenaciously devoted and bold Dobie is not a dog you, or any thief, want to mess with.
- Kurt the Dobermann was a WWII hero. He went ahead to warn soldiers of incoming Japanese troops, but unfortunately, a grenade set off and killed him.
- Ear and tail docking were done to remove any weak spots on the Dobermann when engaging in fights.
- Dobermanns hate cold weather – avoid at all cost.
7. Giant Schnauzer
Highlights: Kind, Loyal, Dominant
If you’re looking for a superb worker and companion dog, look no further. The Giant Schnauzer is a stronger and larger version of the standard Schnauzer. Though, they’re as unique as any dog, showcasing cropped ears, a docked tail and a beard with “eyebrows.”
Despite their physical appearance, they’re as loyal and obedient as any other German breed. Owners will tell you the Giant Schnauzer is high in spirit but gets easily bored. If you can keep these massive dogs entertained, they’re definitely a great choice.
- This dog’s name in German is “Riesenschnauzer,” which directly translates to: herculean monster with a walrus mustache.
- The Giant Schnauzer was relatively unknown until the first World War, where they became popular military dogs.
- Prior to working in the police force and military, the Giant Schnauzer was bred to be the ultimate multi-purpose farm dog.
8. Standard Schnauzer
Highlights: Obedient, Playful, Good-natured
The Standard Schnauzer is the medium (or standard) version of the Schnauzer dogs. They’re about half the size of the Giant version and three times bigger than the miniature. Even so, they retain all the characteristics that make the Schnauzer dogs great.
Not only are they highly intelligent, but they’re alert, agile, reliable and have great endurance on the field. All these traits, combined with their work ethics, have made the Standard Schnauzer one of the most popular dogs breeds in Europe.
- The Schnauzer has made appearances in 14th – 16th century artwork by renowned German artists, including Rembrandt and Dürer.
- Before the 19th century, the Schnauzer was a popular dog among peasant farmers for many centuries.
- A Schnauzer, named George, made headlines for being the first dog to be able to sniff out cancer in a patient.
9. Miniature Schnauzer
Highlights: Spirited, Affectionate, Alert
A Miniature Schnauzer brings all the spunk and boldness of a Schnauzer dog, packed into a little tiny ball of fluff. Aside from the small stature, they share the same physical characteristics as the Giant and Standard Schnauzer.
They’re by far the most popular Schnauzer size variation. In fact, they’re the 17th most popular breed in the USA due to their great temperaments and small size. One huge plus is that they’re hypoallergenic dogs and perfect for ultra-sensitive dog owners.
- The Miniature Schnauzer are one of the healthiest and robust dog breeds in the world. They have very little congenital diseases associated with them.
- Although a German dog breed, they were first recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1926.
- Martial artist Bruce Lee owned a Miniature Schnauzer at one point.
Highlights: Cheerful, Playful, Friendly
The Löwchen, which directly translates to “little lion,” is a German toy dog classified as a non-sporting breed. They’re always happy, active and playful, making them some of the best dogs for all types of families. Their cheerful vibe is contagious.
The Löwchens are also some of the best show dogs due to their long and wavy coat, shaped in a lion-like cut. But what really makes this breed so favorable is that they don’t like to bark – a huge benefit for many people like myself.
- At one point, the Lowchen was considered the rarest dog breed in the world. However, they’ve made somewhat a comeback since.
- Due to their scarcity, they’re considered to be the most expensive dog breed in the world.
- These dogs can be traced as far back as 1442, where they’re present in old paintings, engravings, literature and tapestries.
Highlights: Fearless, Confident, Good-natured
When people imagine a big, loyal and strong black dog, it’s probably going to be the Rottweiler. These intelligent canines have earned a spot on the 10 most popular dog breeds list, and it’s easy to see why. Rotties are as loyal as they come.
In the past, they were fantastic herders, but even better guard dogs. No thief in their right mind would want to mess with a Rottie. And while they can look absolutely terrifying, they do have a sweet and good-natured side to them.
In actuality, Rottweilers are calm and obedient with a vigilant eye. They pick when to expend their energy, as all great guard dogs do. So thanks to Germany, we have one of the best guard (and family) dog in the canine kingdom.
- Rottweilers have a bite force of 328 pounds, roughly half of a shark’s bite force. Their powerful bite is stronger than that of a German Shepherd or Pit Bull.
- The German name Rottweiler Metzgerhund translates to “Rottweil butchers’ dog.” This is because they were used to pull carts with butchered meat to markets.
- The Rottie is one of the oldest herding breed and can be traced as far back as the Roman Empire. They’re believed to be descendants of Roman dover dogs.
12. German Shepherd
Highlights: Intelligent, Brave, Obedient
No German dog breed list is complete without the German Shepherd. It seems like every owner wants one, and the numbers show it. As the second most popular dog in the USA, they are also the third most intelligent breed.
German Shepherds are also highly obedient, courageous and alert, making them the premier police dogs around the world. If you have enough energy to keep up with them, they’re possibly the best guard dogs on the market.
In the home, though, German Shepherds can be as loving as any other German dog. Because of their unwavering loyalty, you can always count on a GSD to have your family’s back. But in the face of a threat, they can quickly become dangerous dogs.
- A German Shepherd can learn a task with just 5 repetitions, performing with 95% accuracy.
- There are two German Shepherds honored with a star on the renowned Hollywood Walk of Fame.
- After these dogs were enlisted as World War I military dogs, people took notice and were impressed. Soon after, they became a household name around Europe.
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Highlights: Sociable, Playful, Friendly
The descendant of the German Spitz, the Pomeranian is a small spitz dog breed from either Germany or Poland. They are perhaps the fluffiest dogs among all the German breeds – and that’s why we love them so much.
What other dog can rightfully own and embrace the nicknames “tumbleweed” and “pompom?” Overall, Pomeranians are typically cheerful and playful dogs who just want to have fun. Plus, they’re more intelligent than you think.
But thanks to the small dog syndrome, Poms tend to be aggressive toward other dogs that are much bigger. Regardless, a Pomeranian is a fantastic German dog breed, though they will come with a habit of excessive barking.
- The Pomeranian was made popular after being kept by a long line of royalty, including Queen Victoria in the 19th century.
- Wolfgang Mozart dedicated a musical piece to his beloved Pomeranian, named Pimperl.
- Only three dogs survived in sinking of the Titanic in 1912, two of which, were Pomeranians.
Highlights: Intelligent, Obedient, Active
For me, the most surprising dog to originate from Germany is the Poodle. These proud dogs are extremely smart, ranking second among all dog breeds for intelligence. As a result, they’re highly trainable and very obedient with their owners.
There’s been a lot of heated debate over the true origins of the Poodle. Many historians believe they actually descended from German water dogs, whereas others claim they descended from the French Barbet. Either way, Poodles are wonderful.
The Poodle is a highly versatile dog that excels in dog sports, agility training, hunting, herding and more. And with children, they’re a superb companion that’ll treat them like their own. These dogs are truly a “complete package” dog.
- The Poodle is an ancient dog breed. They’ve been seen on artifacts from ancient Rome and Egypt from the first century B.C.
- Their iconic “lion cut” coat serves the purpose of keeping their vital organs and joints warm while swimming in cold water.
- Although originating from Germany, the Poodle is the national dog breed of France.
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Highlights: Loyal, Fearless, Calm
The Boxer is a large German-bred dog known for his strong jaw, square muzzle, underbite and powerful stance. Despite these fearsome characteristics, the Boxer is actually very playful and bright. In the right environment, they’ll thrive as a family dog.
Boxers have come a long way since their old bull-baiting days. Today, they get along quite well with children. Not only are they’re patient with kids, but also protective as well. So if you’re looking for a second pair of eyes, the Boxer is it.
The misconception of the Boxer being a vicious dog is simply untrue. In fact, owners will tell you they’re not an aggressive breed by nature. However, training can “make or break” this dog. As such, always use positive reinforcement during training.
- Boxers can be traced as far back as 2000 B.C., where they were popular dogs among the ancient Assyrians.
- A Boxer named Brandy holds the Guinness World Record for the longest tongue – recording an astonishing 17-inch tongue.
- Contrary to belief, the Boxer was the first dog breed to train for the German police force, and not the German Shepherd.
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16. American Eskimo Dog
Highlights: Friendly, Obedient, Protective
Despite what the name says, the American Eskimo dogs actually originated from Germany and not the Americas. And much like the Pomeranian, this dog descended from the German Spitz, which explains the similar resemblance.
Believe it or not, these adorably fluffy dogs were originally bred to protect property, which is why they’re territorial and vigilant by nature. Even so, expect the American Eskimo to be loving and affectionate when playing with family members.
American Eskimo Dogs rank high in both intelligence tests and obedience trials. In other words, they’re highly obedient dogs that respond well to training. There are few dogs as eager and happy to please their owners, as the American Eskimo.
- These dogs were renamed the American Eskimo dogs because of the anti-German sentiment during World War I.
- In the early to mid 1900’s, the American Eskimo dog gained popularity as circus dogs, often traveling with shows across the nation.
- The American Eskimo was the first dog ever to be able to walk a tightrope.
17. German Wirehaired Pointer
Highlights: Willful, Devoted, Affectionate
The German Wirehaired Pointer is a German griffon dog developed to retrieve a hunter’s game. They were so good at their jobs that they were considered to be the premier gun dogs of their time. Today, they’re mostly just hard-working family dogs.
They’re the happiest when they’re around familiar people and in the center of attention. The German Wirehaired doesn’t always get along with unfamiliar people, though. They will be aloof when faced with strangers, but early socialization will help.
- The German Wirehaired Pointer has a water-resistant coat that makes them perfect for various tasks in or out of water.
- They’re called pointers because of a naturally tendency to point their heads and form the shape of an arrow. They often do this when tracking game, explosives or other interesting scents.
- It took at least five different dog breeds to carefully craft and develop the German Wirehaired Pointer.
18. Bavarian Mountain Hound
Highlights: Spirited, Quiet, Courageous
The Bavarian Mountain Hound is a German scent hound developed to track down the wounded game. They have a sharp nose that hunters rely on for their hunting trips. However, their most notable characteristics are their thick, elongated head and neck.
Not only are they quiet and calm, but also extremely attached to the owner. To develop a good relationship with a Bavarian, you’ll need to be experienced and patient. But if you manage this, you’ll have one of the best hunting companions Germany has to offer.
- The nose of a Bavarian Hound is so amazing that it can differentiate the smell of an injured animal and a non-injured one.
- These dogs were bred to be able to hunt and track in tough mountainous regions of Germany.
- The Bavarian Mountain Hounds were developed by crossbreeding the Hannoversche Schweißhund with skilled hunting dogs from the Alps.
Highlights: Vigilant, Calm, Patient
The Eurasier, often referred to as the Eurasian dog, is a German spitz breed known for having a wonderful and pleasant personality. Although they’re excellent watchdogs, they’re generally reserved and quiet, even with their family.
Eurasiers will be aloof around strangers, but not too timid nor aggressive. In fact, they’re a very well-balanced dog. They need to be included in all family activities to thrive. And for this reason, many say they’re the perfect German family dog.
- They’re called the Eurasian dog because they incorporate traits from both European and Asian dogs. For example, they have Chow Chow and Keeshond in them.
- Although popular in Germany and Switzerland, the Eurasier is extremely rare in the United States.
- It’s estimated that there are only 8,500 Eurasier dogs left in the world – most of them residing in Europe.
20. Elo Dog
Highlights: Obedient, Playful, Sociable
The Elo dog is one of the more modern and recent dog breed to have been developed by the Germans. In fact, their development didn’t start until 1987. The goal of the Elo was to develop the ultimate family dog, and they did just that.
Elo dogs are naturally playful and loyal around their family. Of course, they get along very well with kids and can even be trusted with smaller children. They’ll have the energy to match your kids, but also understand when to calm down.
But because they’re so active and energetic, they need a lot of mental stimulation. Failure to do so can result in mischief, destructive behavior or anxiety. So long as they get the attention of the family members, they’ll be fine.
- The Elo dog has a registered trademark on its name in Germany.
- The biggest concern with the Elo dog is the number of hereditary diseases involved with the breed.
- The name “Elo” (Eloschaboro) was created by combining letters of the three breeds they were bred from: Eurasier, Bobtail and Chow Chow.
Highlights: Calm, Self-controlled, Patient
The Pudelpointer is a skilled German hunting dog, developed with the hunting Poodle (pudel) and the English Pointer. As a result, they have the steady and consistent temperament of the Poodle with the strong work ethic of the Pointer.
In addition, their water-resistant coats (inherited from the Poodle) makes them ideal dogs for retrieving game in water. But when they’re not working, they’re some of the best family dogs. No matter what, you can always count on a Pudelpointer.
- After many of attempts, German breeder Baron Von Zediltz finally perfected the Pudelpointer breed 30 years later.
- The Pudelpointer is one of the healthiest dog breed and has an average life span of 15 years.
- What sets this dog breed apart from others is their unique mustache on their snouts.
22. German Longhaired Pointer
Highlights: Cheerful, Affectionate, Trainable
The German Longhaired Pointer is the ultimate multi-purpose gun dog from Germany. And as expected, they’re closely related to other German breeds: the Shorthaired, Wirehaired Pointer and the Münsterländer.
Like their dog-cousins, the Longhaired Pointer is a hard-working dog with traits favorable for all families. They’re intelligent, kind and generally love people. So much so, that they will often show separation anxiety when isolated from the family.
- The Longhaired Pointer was bred for high performance both on the field and in the show ring.
- They descended from a combination of bird dogs, water dogs and scent hounds, making them some of the most versatile dogs.
- Despite being bred in the late 1800s, these dogs hadn’t been recognized by the UKC until 2006.
23. German Pinscher
Highlights: Spirited, Loving, Intelligent
The German Pinscher has been gaining momentum in America, and it’s not hard to see why. As a hybrid of the Mini Pinscher and Doberman, they’re known as the prototypical pinscher. They are naturally sweet and loving dogs with a hint of playfulness.
German Pinschers can protect a family with their fearless attitudes, but can also be docile or gentle companions for loving family members. Though, they do have extremely high prey drive and require extensive socializing early on.
- This Pinscher descended from many popular German dog breeds. Some of which, include: the Affenpinscher, Rottweiler, Dobermann and Schnauzer.
- The German Pinscher almost died out in the mid 20th century. However, breeder Werner Jung had single handedly revived them.
- One of this Pinscher’s greatest attributes is its problem-solving abilities.
24. German Spaniel
Highlights: Calm, Passionate, Friendly
The German Spaniel is yet another skilled hunting breed developed by the Germans in the late 1800’s. They’re primarily used as trackers, trackers and retrievers – even with black bears. And while they’re versatile, German Spaniels aren’t popular outside of Germany.
Despite having strong hunting instincts, they are surprisingly friendly towards both humans and dogs of the pack. German Spaniels aren’t your everyday gun-dogs, they have the ability to be top-tier family dogs as well.
- John Scott, the Lord Chancellor of Great Britain, owned a German Spaniel named Pincher. Many believed Pincher was his favorite dog.
- In Canada, descendants of the German Spaniel are used to track down and flush out black bears from parks.
- German Spaniels are used in Sweden to track and chase out the growing boar population.
25. Hanoverian Scenthound
Highlights: Loyal, Gentle, Aloof
Hanover Hounds are hunting dogs developed to have a sharp nose for all-purpose tracking. In fact, they are elite trackers that can sometimes get lost finding a scent. Once they lock in on the smell, it’s quite difficult to grab their attention.
However, the Hanover Hound isn’t your typical family dog, but their gentleness and devotion is highly admired among families. They’re most ideal for hunters living on a large property, where they can get some daily run in.
- The Hanover Hound is a descendant of bloodhounds from the medieval times.
- Although introduced to France in the 1980’s, they are still a relatively rare German dog breed.
- These dogs were saved from the brink of extinction by an enthusiast group in the 1900’s.
Highlights: Devoted, Alert, Reserved
The Hovawart dog originated from the forested mountain range of southwest Germany (Black Forest). They were bred to protect and that’s exactly what they do best. Of course, they’re as devoted and vigilant as any top German watchdogs.
But surprisingly, they have the affectionate and calm personality that makes them some of the best family dogs too. And when properly trained, they’re effective search and rescue dogs for Germany and other neighboring countries.
- The name Hovawart means “estate guard dog,” which is exactly what they specialize in.
- Hovawart dogs can be traced back to the medieval times, where they were often seen in paintings and literature.
- In the 15th century, they were one of the “5 Noble dog breeds” of Germany. They tracked down robbers and other criminals for law enforcement.
Highlights: Diligent, Reliable, Strong-willed
The Jagdterrier is a working terrier and one of Germany’s best hunting dogs for small game. I mean, their name literally translates to the “hunt terrier.” They’re most effective when tasked to drive out rabbits, foxes, badgers out of their underground den.
However, Jagdterriers can also make excellent pets with the right owners. These German Dogs may not be best with other small pets, thanks to their strong prey-instincts. But they’re quite sociable and get along great with all people.
- The name Jagdterrier directly translates to “hunting terrier,” which describes their high competence in hunting.
- A Jagdterrier can climb trees to chase down squirrels and raccoons.
- Despite being a rare dog breed, the Jagdterrier is one of the least expensive German dogs to purchase.
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Highlights: Docile, Trainable, Good-natured
The Kromfohrlander is a lively, yet sensitive German dog breed, bred shortly after World War II. They come in two varieties: rough and smooth haired dogs. However, the rough hair version is more popular and sports a distinctive “beard.”
As premier companion dogs, the Kromfohrlanders are extremely friendly with people and like to stay by their owner’s side. Just think of them as German velcro dogs. They’re typical people-dogs with high enough intelligence to learn quickly.
- The Kromfohrlander descended from a US military mascot during World War II, named “Original Peter.”
- These dogs are extremely rare. As of 2018, there was roughly 60 Kromfohrlander dogs in the USA.
- The first rough hair Kromfohrlander arrived to the USA in 1993. However, the dog was never bred.
29. Small Münsterländer Pointer
Highlights: Affectionate, Loyal, Confident
While the Small Munsterlander is recognized by the AKC as a FCI standard, the bigger Large Munsterlander is not. And despite popular belief, the two are not related. They were both bred with different dog breeds, for different tasks.
However, the Small Munsterlander is a versatile dog that’s skilled in water retrieving, hunting and tracking (pointing). Their desire to be in water is unparalleled, so swimming is a great work out option for them. Plus, they’re very intelligent and willing to learn.
- The Small Munsterlander was originally bred exclusively for the noble families of Germany.
- Small Munsterlanders worked with falconers prior to the use of guns in hunting down birds. They’re exceptionally adept at hunting and retrieving birds.
- These dogs are believed to be over 500 years old, originating from Münster, Germany – hence the name.
Highlights: Affectionate, Obedient, Playful
Don’t feel intimidated with a Leonberger, as these German dogs are truly gentle giants made for companionship. In fact, they’re often referred to as “gentle lions” because of their lion-like mane. Plus, they can weigh up to a staggering 170 pounds!
While they can look intimidating, most of the time, these big fluffy dogs just want to interact and play with their family. Leonbergers will be submissive with the family, and their naturally loyal temperaments translate into obedient dogs.
They’re certainly one of the most well-rounded family dogs Germany has to offer. As long as the kids are respectful of the Leonberger, they’ll get along perfect. Plenty of happy owners call them great “nanny dogs” for a reason.
- Heinrich Essig, a politician in Leonberg, Germany, is credited for developing this dog breed. His vision was to create a dog that resembled the lion on his town’s crest.
- These dogs were popular among European royalty. For instance, the Prince of Wales, King of Italy and Czar of Russia all had one.
- Karl Stadelmann and Otto Josenhans saved this dog from extinction after World War I with just 5 dogs.
Highlights: Friendly, Loyal, Fearless
Frequently called the “Gray Ghost,” the Weimaraners were bred for royalty in the 19th century as large game hunters. They are courageous dogs and would often chase down vicious boars, deer and even bears. Though, they became bird dogs later on.
Not surprisingly, these dogs have amazing endurance and stamina, which made them perfect as hunting companions. Weimaramers are also very intelligent dogs with a strong prey-drive, which can be a problem for smaller dogs and cats if living together.
- They were named after the Weimer Republic, which was a German state prior to World War I.
- President Eisenhower owned a Weimaramer named Heidi. He also kept her in the White House during his term.
- The Weimaramer’s nickname is the “dog with the human brain” because they were believed to be too smart for their own good.
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Other Dog Breeds of Germany
There are many other German dog breeds that weren’t covered in this list. However, to keep this guide complete, these are the other dogs of Germany:
Bullenbeisser, Harlequin Pinscher, Landseer dog, Large Münsterländer, Miniature Dachshund, Saarloos Wolfdog, Stichelhaar, Westphalian Dachsbracke and the White Shepherd.
As previously mentioned, these dogs are not recognized by the AKC. Furthermore, to keep this guide as thorough as possible without overwhelming people – we’ve made the hard decision to leave them out.
Final note – if you plan on getting a male German dog, we have a whole segment on male dog names. Feel free to browse around.
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