Dog Training Smartest Dogs

Are Cocker Spaniels Smart? Here’s Why They’re Highly Intelligent Dogs

Let's examine if Cocker Spaniels are smart dogs, and what makes them intelligent.
Written by Richard Jeng

Whether you’re bringing home a Cocker Spaniel or English Cocker Spaniel, it’s an exciting moment for you and your family. Both breed variations are cheerful and optimistic dogs. But does that translate to obedience and intelligence?

So, are Cocker Spaniels smart? Yes, Cocker Spaniels are highly intelligent dogs. According to canine psychologist Stanley Coren, both the American and English Cocker Spaniel are “bright dogs.” The English Cocker Spaniel is the 20th smartest dog breed, whereas the American Cocker Spaniel is the 23rd most intelligent. 

Not only do these dogs excel at obedience / working intelligence, but also adaptive and instinctive intelligence. For these reasons, they’re some of the most popular dogs in the world. 

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Measuring a Cocker Spaniel’s Intelligence

We measure how intelligent Cocker Spaniels are based on Stanley Coren's criteria.

As mentioned, Cocker Spaniels are classified as “bright dogs.” But how exactly did we come to this conclusion? Let’s examine how we measure a dog breed’s intelligence.

According to pHD and researcher Stanley Coren, obedience and working intelligence is based on two main factors. 

Stanley Coren’s Dog Intelligence Criteria

For Coren’s list of most intelligent dogs, he had the help of 199 obedience trial judges from the American and Canadian Kennel Club. Using his criteria, the judges assessed and ranked each dog breed for Coren. 

  1. The number of repetitions needed for a dog breed to learn a new, unknown command. The fewer the repetitions, the more intelligent the dog is.
  2. The success rate in which a dog breed will obey a known command on the first attempt. A higher success rate percentage means they’re more obedient and smarter. 

Despite the overflowing number of responses, not all dog breeds made it to Coren’s final dog intelligence list. Only breeds that received at least 100 responses qualified.

Additionally, only dog breeds that were officially recognized by the AKC or CKC even participated. Unfortunately, that means no mixed dog breeds.

How the Cocker Spaniel Performed

Both the American and English Cocker Spaniels performed roughly the same in the trials. Both breed variations scored in the top 30, landing them in the bright dogs category. 

This meant that Cocker Spaniels were able to learn a new command with just 5 to 15 repetitions. Not only is this unbelievably quick, but it means you can probably teach your Cocker Spaniel a simple command within minutes!

Coren’s trials also proved that Cocker Spaniels were incredibly obedient. They’re able to obey a known command on the first attempt with a 85% or better success rate.

Just for reference, other popular dog breeds in this same intelligence category includes, the Weimaraner, Bernese Mountain Dog, Pomeranian, Collie and both Corgi breeds.

Cocker Spaniels vs. “Average” Dogs

Now that we know Cocker Spaniels are smart, how do they compare against the average dog breed? Keep in mind that Cocker Spaniels are two categories above average intelligent dogs.

The average dog needs 25 to 40 repetitions to learn a new command. This means that Cocker Spaniels learn at least twice as fast as your average dog. 

As for obedience, average intelligent dogs will obey a known command on the first try with a 50% or better success rate. This means that Cocker Spaniels are roughly 70% “more obedient” than the average. 

And if you’re curious, some of the most popular average intelligent dogs include: the Australian Shepherd, Great Dane, Boxer, Dachshund, Siberian Husky and the Pointer. 

Owners: Is Your Cocker Spaniel Smart?

We asked real Cocker Spaniel owners to see if they thought their dog was intelligent.

To get a good idea of how intelligent Cocker Spaniels really are, we decided to ask the people that would actually know: real owners.

So we surveyed the popular Cocker Spaniel sub-Reddit forum to collect responses to this question. Here’s what Cocker Spaniel owners had to say:

1. Pravana says [YES]: “Cockers can be stubborn, but are very smart. Basil plays dumb sometimes when he’s being a mischievous butthead, but I know he’s not dumb by any means. He just finds whatever he’s doing to be more rewarding than listening to me.”

2. Skilltroks says [YES]: “Cocker Spaniels are smart. Mine is smarter than me for sure. We ended up baby locking the trash can under the sink so he couldn’t get to it.”

3. Anonymous says [YES]: “I’ve had many dogs, but Marshall was special. Smarter. And the only one who paid attention when I spoke.”

4. SFS_83 says [YES]: “My Cocker Spaniel is a little too smart for her own good! She’s deceptively clever and i’ll often catch her trying to manipulate me into getting her to give her treats! Little smartie..”

5. Onlyhope_ says [YES]: “There’s nothing dumb about a Cocker. They’re so good at making sure they get what they want. My 2 year old knows that i’m more likely to give treats in different situations. He does a good job picking him time to ask.”

6. Liptonice19 says [YES]: “There’s absolutely no way anyone can think Cockers are anything but super intelligent dogs. Don’t get me wrong I love my dog, but I sometimes think that life would be that much easier with a dumber dog.”

7. Beeksya says [YES]: “I’ve got two cockers. And they are stubborn! But extremely smart. Have you ever trained a dog before? …be patient, cockers are wonderful dogs.”

8. Imperiald0g1 says [YES]: “I’ve had my cocker for about 2 years now. He’s a rescue, but has come a LONG way since early on. The one thing i’ve learned from owning a cocker spaniel is that they are incredibly smart!”

9. Lemeuf says [YES]: “He was smart, determined, playful, thoughtful, loyal, and sweet. We were kids when we got him, so as a puppy he sometimes played a little rough with us (biting, etc), but as an adult would absolutely let babies tug on his ears and mouth.”

10. Zion2015 says [YES]: “Cocker spaniels are seriously some of the smartest dogs. You have no idea until you raise one. They know exactly what they want and how to tell you.”

Cocker Owner Survey Recap

Though its a small sample size, all ten Cocker Spaniel owners thought that their dog was smart! We couldn’t even find one owner that had mixed results or weren’t sure.

Most of the owners believed their Cockers were intelligent because they’re good at getting what they want. Whether its extra treats or the leftover cat food – they’ll find a way!

Why Cocker Spaniels Are Smart

Cocker Spaniels are smart because they have high obedience, adaptive and instinctive intelligence.

Cocker Spaniels are super obedient, quick learners. But there’s so much more to dog intelligence than just that. So, what other ways make the Cocker Spaniels smart dogs?

In addition to obedience / working intelligence, adaptive and instinctive intelligence are also components that make up a dog’s true IQ. Let’s explore these types of intelligence in the Cocker Spaniel.

Smart Bird Hunters

Instinctive intelligence refers to the skill or purpose that a dog breed was bred for. But how is this considered canine intelligence?

For example, herding dogs were bred to herd livestock. They have the natural instinct and ability to round up sheep, maneuver them towards a specific direction – all without extra training. This is instinctive intelligence. 

Retrievers will fetch. Guard dogs are vigilant and will protect their territory. Other dogs are just meant to be companions and lapdogs. Depending on the breed, instinctive intelligence will be different.

Cocker Spaniels were bred to hunt. Though they’re mainly companion dogs now, some owners are still training Cockers to hunt. Still, they’re hunters at heart and regarded of some of the best bird hunters. 

English Cocker Spaniels were first bred to hunt Eurasian woodcocks (type of bird), which is how they got their name, “cocker.” When the American Cocker Spaniels were developed in the United States, they were similarly specialized to hunt American woodcock birds.

According to Gun Dog Mag, Cocker Spaniels are great for bird hunting in dense cover. They have a sharp sense of smell and are able to follow scents close carried by the breeze or close to the ground .

Cockers will hunt in sections instead of sweeping through the area. It’s not a traditional approach, but it’s effective with these dogs. However, they can be easily taught to “run the sweeping zigzag pattern of a springer.”

Cocker Spaniel’s Adaptive Intelligence

The final dimension of canine intelligence is Adaptive Intelligence, which refers to what the dog can learn for him or herself. It’s the ability to learn from the dog’s environment and previous experiences. 

Though instinctive intelligence is roughly the same in all dogs of the same breed, adaptive intelligence can vary. Still, most Cockers Spaniels are generally known to have great adaptive intelligence

To illustrate just how high their adaptive intelligence is, one Cocker owner gives us his story, saying:

The other night we got home to find our smart little monster got into the recycling can. He emptied the entire thing onto the floor.

What’s extremely smart was that the Cocker separated the cat food cans to make it easier to eat. He explained, “

Here’s the best part: he separated everything so the soda cans were in the dining room and the cat food cans were in the dining room. Then he re-cleaned every single cat food can by mouth.

This is just one example of high adaptive intelligence in this breed. If you ask any Cocker Spaniel owner, you may find very similar stories.

These dogs learn quickly – and not just with obedience training. They’re some of the best problem solvers in the dogdom.

Smart, Playful Cockers

Now that we know Cocker Spaniels are smart, are they the dog for you? They’re extremely versatile dogs, but they some of the best companion family dogs. There’s a reason why they’re the consistently in the top 30 dogs for popularity.

It’s fun to look up how well a specific breed ranks in canine intelligence among other breeds. However, it should not be the deciding factor when picking out a dog.

Instead of asking whether Cocker Spaniels are smart, you should be asking if Cocker Spaniels fit your personality.

With that said, Cocker Spaniels are gentle dogs with a cheerful demeanor. They get along with all types of people and animals, including smaller dogs.

They love to be active and as a result, need a lot of physical and mental stimulation daily. Training is fun and easy because Cockers are eager to please and obedient.

If after looking into their temperament and you still think Cocker Spaniels are for you, then you should bring one home. They’re some of the best dog breeds in the dogdom.

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About the author

Richard Jeng

Richard has been raising dogs his whole life, including a Poodle, Pomeranian, Corgi and Australian Shepherd. He's always working with animal shelters and dog rescues because of his passion for all dogs. Fun fact: his all time favorite breed is the German Shepherd. Read More.

1 Comment

  • I rescued a cocker spaniel she had been tied to a tree for 4 years she is unbelievably smart. I have had some trouble with her aggression against other dogs. They think she’s about nine years old I’ve had her almost one year. I have to assume she had to fight coyotes to stay alive all those years. Is there any way to get her to overcome her aggression? She weighed 14 lb when I got herwhich has half the normal body weight. Absolutely great dog

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